International Standard
ISO 9888:1999
Water quality — Evaluation of ultimate aerobic biodegradability of organic compounds in aqueous medium — Static test (Zahn-Wellens method)
Reference number
ISO 9888:1999
Edition 2
International Standard
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ISO 9888:1999
Published (Edition 2, 1999)
This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2020. Therefore this version remains current.

ISO 9888:1999

ISO 9888:1999
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This International Standard specifies a method for the evaluation in aqueous medium of the ultimate

biodegradability and, as additional information, the primary biodegradability and the total elimination from water, of

organic compounds at a given concentration by aerobic microorganisms.

The conditions described in this International Standard normally correspond to optimal conditions for allowing the

maximum value of biodegradation to occur with the chosen inoculum in the test time. These conditions may even be

more favourable than in full-scale wastewater treatment plants, especially if their hydraulic retention time, sludge

age or the adaptation of the activated sludge is not optimal.

The method applies to organic compounds which are

a) water-soluble at the concentration used under the test conditions and not expected to be transformed to

insoluble metabolites if biodegradation and not elimination only shall be determined;

b) nonvolatile, or which have a negligible vapour pressure under the test conditions;

c) not lost by foaming from the test solution;

d) not inhibitory to the test microorganisms at the concentration chosen for the test. Inhibitory effects can be

determined using a suitable test method (e.g. see ISO 8192). If the test compound is toxic, the test

concentration must be lowered, or a pre-exposed inoculum can be used.

This International Standard is also applicable to the measurement of biodegradation and elimination of dissolved

organic compounds in wastewater (also called "test compound" in the method).

NOTE If more information is required to predict the behaviour of test compounds or wastewater in a treatment plant, a

simulation test (e.g. the activated sludge simulation test ISO 11733) should be performed. For appropriate use of this method

and for alternative biodegradation methods, see ISO 15462.

General information

  •  : Published
     : 1999-06
    : International Standard confirmed [90.93]
  •  : 2
     : 11
  • ISO/TC 147/SC 5
  • RSS updates

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